Windmill, Mungo National Park

$25.00

Back in the 1850s and the years of optimistic thinking a huge area of land, 203 000 hectares (half a million acres), was taken up by squatters in south-western New South Wales, and Gol Gol sheep station came into existence. It was a bustling, prosperous place with a huge woolshed, buoyed up by high wool prices and boom-time economic conditions. But that was to end with the shearers’ strike of 1890, depression of 1891 and 92, bank crashes of 1893, and the disastrous drought of 1895–1903. On the semi-desert land of Gol Gol Station, what the sheep didn’t eat the rabbits did, and the final collapse was inevitable.

In 1922 the station was subdivided into small holdings under the closer settlement scheme, a scheme that allowed returned soldiers from World War I to settle on the land. One such unit became ‘Mungo Station’ of 16 000 hectares (40 000 acres). The property changed hands in 1934, and then in 1978 it was acquired by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service and listed as a National Park in March 1979.